# Polyiamond Tetrads

A *tetrad* is a plane figure made of four congruent shapes,
joined so that each shares a boundary with each.
Here I show various minimal tetrads for polyiamonds.
See also Scaled Polyiamond Tetrads.
The smallest polyiamond tetrads use 10-iamonds.
According to Karl Scherer, Frank Rubin may have found the first solution.
The purple solutions were found by
Juris Čerņenoks.

## Symmetric Tiles

The smallest tetrad made from a polyiamond with mirror symmetry
uses 12-iamonds:

The smallest tetrad made from a polyiamond with birotary symmetry
uses 16-iamonds:

The smallest tetrads made from polyiamonds with horizontal mirror symmetry
use 17-iamonds:

The smallest tetrad made from a polyiamond with ternary symmetry
uses 22-iamonds:

The smallest tetrads made from polyiamonds with ternary symmetry
about a vertex use 27-iamonds:

## Restricted Motion

The smallest polyiamonds that form tetrads without being reflected
are these 10-iamonds:

They are also the smallest polyiamonds that form tetrads without
being rotated 60° or 180°.

## Holeless

The smallest holeless tetrad made from a polyiamond
with mirror symmetry uses 22-iamonds.
It was found independently by Robert Ammann, Greg Frederickson, and
Jean L. Loyer.

## One-Cell Hole

The smallest tetrads with a single one-cell hole
are formed by this 16-iamond:

## Two-Cell Hole

The smallest tetrad with a single two-cell hole
is formed by this 17-iamond:

*Last revised 2021-02-04.*

Back to Polyform Tetrads
< Polyform Curiosities

Col. George Sicherman
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